Soil and Water Conservation District law can be found in Virginia State Code accessible on the Virginia General Assembly’s Legislative Information System website.

Excerpts from VA Code Title 10.1, Chapter 5 on duties of the Commonwealth’s Soil & Water Conservation Districts can be found below.

Soil & Water Conservation Districts:

“…are authorized to carry out prevention and control measures and works of improvement for flood prevention or agricultural and nonagricultural phases of the conservation, development, utilization, and disposal of water…”

“…are authorized to develop comprehensive programs and plans for the conservation of soil resources, for the control and prevention of soil werosion, for flood prevention or for agricultural and nonagricultural phases of the conservation, development, utilization and disposal of water within the district.”

“…are authorized to enter into agreements, within the limits of available appropriations to give, lend or otherwise furnish financial or other aid to any governmental or other agency or any occupier of lands within the district…”

“…shall locally deliver the Commonwealth’s Agricultural Best Management Practices Cost-Share Program…in cooperation with the Department of Conservation & Recreation.”

“…may enter land…to investigate agricultural activity…” that “is creating or will create pollution” and work with the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer services to develop and implement “an agriculture stewardship plan”

“…are authorized to aquire, construct, improve, operation and maintain” property.

“…shall conduct surveys, investigations”…and “demonstrational projects”

“…are authorized to coordinate and implement educational program”

“…Directors may delegate to their chairman, or to one or more district directors, agents, or employees such powers as they deem appropriate.”


An excerpt from the Constitution of Virginia:

“To the end that the people have clean air, pure water, and the use of enjoyment for recreation of adequate public lands, waters and other natural resources, it shall be the policy of the Commonwealth to conserve, develop and utilize its natural resources, its historical sites and buildings. Further, it shall be the Commonwealth’s policy to protect its atmosphere, lands and waters from pollution, impairments or destruction for the benefit, enjoyment and general welfare of the Commonwealth.”


SWCD Historical References/Resources: